Category Archives: Tech Information

Laser Cut Yarn Samples

L1

Yarn – 3mm

Hook – 4mm

Stitch – Foundation Chain, Double Crochet, Front and Back loops

1


L2

Right Side

Yarn – 7mm

Hook – 6mm

Stitch – Foundation Chain; Raised, Treble

2


L2

Wrong Side

3


L3

Stitch – Foundation Chain; Brick

4


L4

Stitch – Foundation Chain; Arcade

5


L5

Stitch – Foundation Chain; Bouclé

6


L13

Yarn – 3mm

Hook – 3mm

Stitch – Foundation Chain; Double

 

L14

Hook Test

Yarn – 3mm

Hook – 3mm

Stitch – Foundation Chain; Double

7


L7

Sphere

Stitch – Slip Ring; Double, Increase and Decrease.

8


L8

Cuboid

Stitch – Double, Mitre Square; Raised Treble; Slip stitch.

 

9


L9

Pyramid

Stitch – Foundation Chain; Double, Mitre Square; Treble. Decrease.


L10

Cylinder

Stitch – Foundation Chain & Double Crochet.

12


L11

Tree Form

Stitch – Ring Foundation Loop; Double; Increase & Decrease; Bouclé

13


L12

Re-Stitiched

Stitch – Foundation Chain & Double Crochet.

 

14


L17

Solomon’s Knot

15


L18

Diagonal Stitch.

16


L19

Ball Stitch

17


L20

Woven Stitch.

18


L21 A, B & C

Screen Foil Trial, Hand applied.

Stitch – Double Crochet

 

A

Yarn – 3mm

Hook – 3mm

B

Yarn – 5mm

Hook – 4mm

C

Yarn – 7mm

Hook – 3mm

untitled


L22

Yarn Ball

A Result of Winding Gone Wrong

 

The yarn had been wound as a dual wind process using two hand operated ball winders in tandem.

The next phase is to wind onto cones to enable easy storage and management of the yarn.

The yarn ball is transferred onto a cardboard tube and placed on an axis to allow free spinning as the yarn is ripped from the tube to through the cone winding process.

The tube is held unevenly on the axis spindle and can lead to erratic jolting. Also the loss quality of the yarn can lead to movement of the yarn ball and it slips from the tube and then winds and tightens around the axis spindle which knots to such a degree that is proves impossible to detangle

The yarn ball is an example of what is left.

 

This problem is yet to be resolved

Solutions to try

  • Leave as a ball the wind to cone from centre of the yarn ball.
  • Leave yarn ball on its winder use a bung with a hole in to stabilise spin on axis spindle.
  • Centralise cardboard tube to stabilise spin rotation.

L23

Double Stitch


L24

Alternate stitch

 

 

Dye Recipes

Cold

 

Using Dyeing cotton, Linen or Viscose Rayon with reactive dyes Procion MX Cold following the measurements for medium so –

 

“1.0 to 1.5gms of Procion MX 60gms salt 8gms of Soda Ash”

 

 

A medium sized mixing bow was used as a dye bath

2 Litres         hot water was used

3 level           dessertspoons of salt

¼tsp               Procion dye *Bottle Green

 

Soda Ash was diluted in a separate bowl in order to allow reuse of the dye bath.

8gms                         Soda Ash

 

2nd use of dye bath

⅛tsp.                            Procion Dye *Brown/red

 

 

In both uses all pieces of fabric were placed in the bath then pieces were removed at intervals.

 

Bath 1 Times of removal
  20mins
  30mins
  40mins
  50mins

 

 

 

 

Acid

Recipe 1

18.5gms Acid Dye *easidye Moss

2.0gms Ammonium

½ dessertspoon

 

Recipe 2

18.5gms Acid Dye *easidye Moss

6.0gms Ammonium

½ dessertspoon

 

Submergence and Removal Times In Out
1   10mins
2 2mins 12mins
3 4mins 14mins
4 6mins 16mins
5 8mins 18min

 

 

Crochet Tech File in Wool

1

Double Crochet

Cream – Wool & Silk

Hook – 4mm

Notes

Firm finish because dense nature of stitch. Foundation chain loose. Try tightening with using a smaller hook for foundation chain


2

Treble and Variations

Hook – 4mm

Stitch – Double, Half Treble, Treble, Double Treble & Triple Treble.

Notes

 

Demonstrates changes texture changes within a yarn. Also shows yarn change


3a

 Front Loop & Back Loop

Hook – 4mm

Double Crochet, Front Loop & Back Loop; Alternate Front 1 Row & Back 1 Row

Chose crochet the technique in on sample to compare the changes to the original double crochet.

Front Loop – this variation gibes a flat finish with a pleasing twisted cord appearance alternating with a swirl effect row.

Back Loop – a ridged braided appearance that adds interesting texture. Using this technique also gives an elastic gather up like the rib effect in knitting.

 

Alternate front and back loop – this variation gives a combination of the two previous variations. One side is ridged with a double line of twist and one row of swirls. The reverse side is flatter with the swirls are more visible and the twist is replaced by long and short stitch appearance.

 

For such a small change the effects have been surprising difference. In each variation. This will give different uses and textures to apply.


3b

 Front Loop & Back Loop

Hook 4mm

Stitch – Treble, Front Loop & Back Loop; alternating rows of Front & Back Loop.

10

The changes in variations are not so striking as with double crochet this could be due to height of stitch and weight of yarn, most likely the height of the stitch.

 

The twit appears with the front loop change and ridges are formed when the back loop variations is applied giving a pleated appearance.

When using the alternating row variation a chain link across the row is revealed, leaving the other side void of detail expect the stich twist height.


4

Raised Stitch

Hook – 4mm

Stitch – Raised.

Two methods and variations.

Round Front of Post, round back of post and alternating of rows and stitches.

Both Front and Back share a similar appearance of being heavily ridged similar of front and black loops technique but wit more emphasis. Appearance is altered with using alternating rows and stitches the ridges increased frequency with the reversed side being smooth and ridge free in the alternating row technique. The alternating stitch method produces vertical ridges and also tightens and draws in the width going some elasticity as in rib stitch in knitting.


5

Mesh

Hook – 4mm

Stitch – Foundation

Chain, Treble & Chain

14

15

Working into chain space.

Using these techniques build an open stricture that forms meshes..

 

Bottom – This gives a firm mesh framework with alternating bars and open spaces. Top – Working into spaces between stitches. This gives a soft open meshwork that can be easily increased and decreased to give shaping, lacy in lightweight yarns.


5 a & b

Mesh 1 & 2

5a – Mesh 1

Small framework, Treble, 1chain.

 

5b – Mesh 2

Large framework, Treble, 2chain.


6

Diamond Mesh

4mm

 

18

Soft flexible structure formed using chain stich and double crochet. Used for borders & joining doilies.


7

Honeycomb Mesh.

Flexible framework with interesting negative spaces (hexagon).


8

Diamond Picot

Soft flexible mesh with nodule detail. Is used as a framework to work over in Irish crochet.


9

Solomon’s Knot

A pleasing structure that is flexible and decorative and firm in structure. Seems to return to form after stretch unlike diamond and honeycomb mesh.


10

 

Trestle

A firm structure using basic stitches to form an open pattern.


11

Double Chain

28

29

A firmer foundation chain giving a narrow selvedge to start crocheting from neat start edge.


12 a & b

Double Faced

12a – Fiddly and laborious.

 

Gives a firm thick solid fabric.

 

Applying technique incorrectly. Back of loop is meant to be back loop of previous stitch after work is turned it becomes the front of the stitch.

 

12b

Cracked it, beware of loss of stitch at each end of the row. Utilise chain first stitch correctly to maintain stitch count.


13

Increasing & Decreasing

One stitch each end of the row


14 a & b

Oval – making a disc.

Starting with a foundation chain, working round both side of the chain. Increasing twice at each end of the chain.

 

To encourage the oval to lie flat loosen tension on stitches around the increasing are a and or introduce occasion stitching increase along side/corner points.


15

Mitre Square

Increasing in the centre of the row.

 

A pleasing effect producing an asymmetrical pattern, a 90° turn in the piece.


16

Circle

Adding stitches to each row to encourage pieces to lie flat.

To loose joining hole always stitch in first stitch when producing a solid shape.


17 a & b

Square

Square using chain to increase at corners this technique is used to produce many shapes.

 

A – On formation the corners were pulling round.

 

Note for improvement

B – Alter start to chain last stitch of row and chain of corner, also use hole before stitch instead of after.


18 a, b & c

Octagon

Difficulty in this piece laying flat: Ideal from bowl creation such as a hat or across points e.g. knee, elbows and shoulders.


19

Alternate Stitch


20

Double Stitch


21

Up and Down Stitch


22

Chequer Board


23

Woven Stitch


24

Crossed Stitch


25

Diagonal Stitch

 


26

 

Open Ridge Stitch


28

Relief Stitch

 


30

Close Scallop


32

Lace Scallop

 


33

Wide Arches


34

Arcade Stitch

73

72


35

Wave Stitch


38

Bushy Stitch


41

Soft Cluster


43

Lace Cluster

 

44

Ball Stitch


46 – Clover

47 – Star

48 – Posy

49 – Daisy

50 – Chrysanthemum


51 – Eyelet

52 – Hawaiian Square

53 – Flower Square

54 – Old American Square

106


55 – Hexagon

56 – Paddle Wheel

57 – Dogwood

58 – Wagon Wheel

111


59 – Chained Overlay

60 – Woven Overlay

The density of piece is interesting and open another area of investigation for embellishment, texture and density. This is and area worth exploring once planned avenues have been travelled.


61

Lattice loops

Of all the loop stitches the Bouclé loop has the most pleasing effect and a pleasure to perform. The method 2 proves to be the quickest to perform but requires practice to achieve and even finish of loop length.

The aid of a ruler in method 1 proved fiddly initially but did give a regulated length to the loop.


63 a & b

Chain Loop Stitch

The Chain Loop is easy to perform but is difficult to maintain correct amount of stitches of each end leading to undesired increase and decreasing of stitches this distorting the piece and leading to irregular form and overall outcome. Even with continual checking mistakes were made. Also the density of stitches across the piece causes the piece to curl and is difficult to work.


64

Broomstick Lace

 

A fiddly stitch to begin with but a satisfying technique utilising a knitting needle and a crochet hook. As the stitch forms it gives a twist. The overall strength is good and feels sturdy with a lightness of open areas.